It is pretty apparent to most people who observe people act and react that they do a lot of what they do based on moderately primal and/or emotionally motivated impulses. Many experiments have been conducted to check the impact that primal instincts and emotion-based thinking has on investing and stock market psychology. They have generally proposed that when people are presented with ambiguity their emotions can overtake their logical thinking, guiding them to resist speculative propositions. This raises the challenging hypothesis that people who are less fearful than other people may produce more proficient investors.
Modern developments in neuroscience have emphasised exactly how biologically grounded our human brains are to require the quick dollar – and to neglect the risk of losing even more. By studying about the preprogrammed mechanisms that may fuel basic investment mistakes, we take one step closer to beating them.
Therefore, what ought you recognise about your brain to assist you become a more adept investor? Here are a few of the new findings exposed:
Fight or Flight
For starters, the amygdala in the forward lower area of the brain responds with lightning speed to perceived threats. This was helpful when we were hunter-gatherers running from predators. But, as investors, the panic that ensues can derail a long-term investing strategy.
The memory of the fear and anxiety created by the amygdala may also be helpful, as it makes investors more cautious. Experiments by neurologists have indicated that people with damaged amygdalas never learn to avoid making riskier choices. It makes sense that investors accustomed to only the bull markets of the 1990s (and no past memories of fear to measure danger against) made too many risky choices.
Primed to Predict
Thanks to two areas of the brain, the nucleus accumbens (at the bottom surface of the front of your brain) and the anterior cingulate (in the central frontal area), humans can’t help themselves when it comes to patterns. It seems we are always looking for them in the world around us. We respond unconsciously.
Scott Huettel, a neuroscientist at Duke University, found that our brains expect a repetition after a stimulus occurs only twice. Fear and anxiety often occur when a repeat pattern is broken. This may explain why investors jump out of previously predictable companies when they miss earnings forecasts.
The Dopamine Buzz
Dopamine is the brain chemical that gives you that euphoric feeling when you win big. It may come as no surprise that a team of scientists led by Harvard’s Hans Brieter saw a similarity between the brains of people trying to predict a future financial gain and the brains of cocaine addicts. Eventually, investors get higher from the rush of dopamine they get when predicting a win than from the win itself. If the gain doesn’t arrive, that euphoria quickly turns into depression.
How to tackle all this knowledge? The science makes definite how crucial effective, permanent investing habits are to counteracting the brain’s propensities. Bringing forth a disciplined game plan mentality is essential to winning and prevailing over biological science.
Nowadays, most economists concur that, left alone, people will behave in their own best interest, and that the marketplace will coordinate their actions to bring about outcomes beneficial to all. However, neuroeconomics potentially disputes both parts of this argument.
Whenever emotional reactions frequently outdo rationality, there can be no assumption that people act in their own best interest. And if markets reflect the decisions that people make when their limbic structures are especially alive, there’s less rationality to imagine that stock market consequences can’t be improved upon.